Food is a natural fuel for your body, which gives the energy charge and allows you to stay active during the whole day.
Your pancreas (flat oblong organ, located in the abdomen just behind the stomach) normally produces hormone insulin, which helps convert glucose from the food into energy.
If production of this chemical gets disturbed or if body’s cells don’t perceive insulin as needed, sugar can’t move from blood inside the cells. As a result, blood glucose levels stay high, while tissues don’t attain enough energy and lose ability to work properly. Medical term for this trouble is diabetes.
Increased blood sugar is really harmful for your body, as it can damage the nerves and blood vessels, leading to cardiovascular disease, kidney failure, eye problems and foot damage.
This disorder can occur because of different reasons.
Type 1 diabetes is autoimmune disorder, in which immune system destroys your own pancreatic cells, which create insulin.
In type 2 diabetes body cells become resistant to insulin. On the early stage of disease pancreas begins to generate more insulin in order to overcome resistance and to satisfy increased demand for insulin.
With time pancreas becomes emaciated and loses ability to produce sufficient amount of this hormone.
Those, who are overweight or obese, have much higher risks of type 2 diabetes, because having too much of adipose (fatty) tissue can aggravate insulin resistance.
It was found that genetic predisposition is a significant risk factor for both types of diabetes.
Autoimmune diabetes usually manifests in the young age, while insulin resistance was recognized as a problem of older people.
The most common symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and urination, unintentional weight loss (despite tremendous hunger), nausea, extreme fatigue, blurred vision and slowing of the healing processes.
Medical professionals say that women may experience unique symptoms because of our physiologic and hormonal features. Here are diabetes symptoms, specific for women:
#1 Frequent yeast infection – elevated blood glucose levels support propagation of Candida. As a result, you may suffer from vaginal or oral yeast infection, which cause itching in the private part, vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese and pain during sex.
#2 Polycystic ovary syndrome – insulin resistance stimulates your ovaries and adrenal glands to produce high amount of androgens (male hormones). This leads to decrease of ovulation, development of cysts in the ovaries, infertility, unwanted hair growth and severe acne.
#3 Sexual dysfunction – damaged nerves and reduced blood supply, caused by diabetes, can result in vaginal dryness, painful intercourses and decreased sex drive.
#4 Urinary tract infection – in general, women are more likely to experience UTIs than men. And those, who have diabetes, have extremely high risks of these disorders, which can be responsible for painful urination, itching, burning and changes in the urine color.